The human body is an intricate system. What happens in one part of the body can be detrimental to another. This is especially true when it comes to conditions such as periodontal disease. Periodontal disease, or “gum disease,” is an infection that can develop within the smile, but can cause a number of other medical problems. In fact, due to the oral systemic connection, the infection that is present in the smile during the progression of periodontal disease can be carried through the bloodstream and to other parts of the body. Because of this, patients with periodontal disease are often at a higher risk for a number of other problems such as diabetes, heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes.
What causes periodontal disease?
The condition is caused by the formation of bacteria in the mouth that causes an infection. The infection begins in the gums, which is why this condition is sometimes referred to simply as “gum disease.” Then, without diagnosis and treatment, the infection spreads and can cause bad breath, shrinking gum tissue, shifting teeth, and even the loss of permanent teeth as the jawbone shrinks. Without treatment, patients will experience severe damage to the smile.
What increases the risk of periodontal disease?
Just as periodontal disease may contribute to certain conditions, these conditions may also put patients at a higher risk of developing periodontal disease. Additionally, patients who smoke, drink, or have hormonal changes may also experience periodontal disease due to heightened risk.
How is periodontal disease treated?
With a proper diagnosis, patients can discuss with their dentist the treatment of the condition. While it cannot be cured, it can be controlled with improved oral health and wellness habits. This may include the application or consumption of antibiotics to control the infection. Other procedures, such as scaling and root planing, can help bring the smile back to health as well.
Concerned that you may be impacted by periodontal disease?
Seeking a definitive diagnosis and learning about treatment options is vital in the earliest stages. We welcome patients in the area of Albuquerque, NM to book an appointment with Dr. Steven Holbrook and his team to discuss their needs. The office is located at 8228 Louisiana Boulevard, NE Suite C and accepts new patients who call (505) 881-1159 to schedule an evaluation.